2015 January Lessons from the Life of Muhammad (PBUH) as a Social Prophet, Dr Emdad Khan


Lessons from the Life of Muhammad as a Social Prophet (PBUH), Dr Emdad Khan**

1.Purify our thoughts and Intention: Anything good or bad we do first come in our mind. So let us purify our thoughts and also ask ourselves, what is our intention in doing it? God knows what is in our heart. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) stated actions are rewarded according to our Intention.
2.    Be honest and truthful: Our Creator, God praised Prophet Muhammad’s high morals and exalted character and said “You are indeed on exalted standard of character and moral (Al-Quran 68.4). We learn from him, how to develop morals and good character. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH ) was truthful and honest and people trusted him. He left his cousin Ali (RA) to return the amanah of his enemies while migrating from Makkah to Medina.
3. Spread Peace, Feed Hungry and Honor Kinship:The Prophet’s first words on arriving at Quba informed the Muslims of their basic responsibilities: “Spread peace [salam], feed the hungry, honor kinship ties, pray while people sleep, you shall enter paradise in peace.”
4. Teaching and Learning, Questions & Answers: The masjid of Medina was a place of ibadah, as well as a place of learning. Companions listened his words of wisdom, his explanation of the verses of the Holy Qur’an and benefited from his counsel. He taught by example and was interested in developing up young minds and preparing them to take responsibility. He encouraged questions and spoke in short clear sentences, easy to understand and remember. He encouraged us to seek knowledge and to teach others, starting with our families.

Pcture 1: Grand  Masjid, Makkah , Saudi Arabia, Source: Internet
5.     Take Ownership, Responsibility and Accountability: The Messenger of God (PBUH) said, “All of you are shepherds and each of you is responsible for his flock. An imam is a shepherd and he is responsible for those in his care. A man is a shepherd in respect of his family and is responsible for those in his care. The woman is a shepherd in respect of her husband’s house and is responsible for what is in her care. The servant is a shepherd in respect of his master’s property and is responsible for what is in his care. All of you are shepherds and each of you is responsible for his flock.” We all must take ownership, be responsible and be accountable for our actions and deed. If we make mistake should be ready to admit it and seek forgiveness and make rectification.
6.     Be humble and Pragmatic in Negotiation:  During Hudiabia pact, prophet (PBUH) by his own hand replaced Muhammad Rasullah byMuhammad ibn Abdullah. Returned to Medina without performing Umrah.  Also sought advice from his wife Umme Salama (RA) and convinced his followers by shaving his own head first.   He was firm in his decision, although most of the followers were upset by seeing the apparently humiliating agreement being singed by prophet with the leaders of Quraish of Makakh. God declared it as victory,” Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad) a manifest victory (Al-Quran 48.1). Only   after two short years, the Prophet with 10,000 followers came back as the victor and show magnanimity by forgiving the Makkan  and returned to Medina.  Let us learn to be pragmatic in dealing in complex issues within family, community and business.
7. Every Day Challenges bring new opportunities: Every day was a new challenge for him; a new problem to manage; a new threat on his life or the lives of his followers; a new hypocrite to deal with; a new tribe to negotiate with; a new rumor about him or his family to quell; a new strategy to develop; a new team leader to send for da’wah; a set of new Muslims to teach or assign teachers; and so on. Day in and day out he faced challenges that sharpened his leadership skills, which made him the greatest leader ever. So when we face a challenge in our daily like, let us consider it will bring new hidden opportunities. Let us remember as the event happens to us it is only 10%, how we react and deal with it is 90%. We should be patient and it will be ease after hardship. If we lament or get angry and upset, it will simply make the situation worse for us and the people around us.
8. Manage Differing Views and Unity in Diversity:  Lessons from Banu Quriza: Understanding and managing, Muslims unity and difference of opinion is key to community harmony. When Prophet (PBUH) witnessed the companions disputing, he did not rebuke them such as the dispute regarding the ‘Asr prayer on their way to Bani Qurayzah. He said, “Do not pray until you get to Bani Qurayzah”. On route to Bani Qurayzah, the time for ‘Asr was drawing to a close. A dispute arose; one group understood the prophet’s command, thinking that the Prophet (PBUH) meant hurry up. One group prayed there, another group prayed after ‘Asr time when they arrived at Bani Qurayzah. When they enquired the Prophet (PBUH), who was right. Prophet (PBUH) did not point out who was right or wrong. Rather he stated, “Whoever performs ijtihad (contemplate and come to a decision) and errs will receive one reward. Whoever performs ijtihad and arrives at the correct answer gets double the reward.” This example teaches us to tolerate opposing opinions and listen to other views and gently agree to disagree.
9. Planning well ahead: Example in planning Migration trip with Abu Bakr, leaving Ali to return the valuable amanah of the Quraish and hired a non-Muslim Abdullah bin Areeqat as his guide. Abu Bakr instructed his son Abdullah to find out the hostile plans of Quraish. Asma, Abu Bakr’s daughter would bring them food at night.
10. Leader of a nation and a statesman: He taught us to analyze problems that our community faces, then come up with the right solution. He put into action a plan that solved the problems faced by the Muslims in Madinah. He developed brotherhood and made one local Muslim to be a brother and mentor to an immigrant Muslim by adopting him as a brother to help him. The resources were used efficiently and friendship and love developed, remove the mistrust or division. The Madina masjid became the community hub; the place to meet, pray, socialize, learn, know and help each other. They cooperated with their non-Muslim neighbors who were guaranteed the same rights as Muslims and their freedom and liberties safeguarded, if they lived in peace and cooperated with the Muslims.
11. Friend to Companions: As a friend to his companions he was close to them and visited them during happy and sad occasions. He listened to their opinions and took their advice. He emphasized that Muslims should care and help one another. God will continue to help the servant who is helping his brother. A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim: he does not wrong him, nor leave him alone to his enemy. Whoever shields another Muslim, God will shield him on the Day of Judgment; whoever helps another Muslim, God will help him.
12. Loving father and treatment of orphan: As a father he was kind and loving. He wept when his son died but accepted God’s decree and sought patience. He was kind with the orphans, as he was an orphan himself. He taught us to be just and equitable and not differentiate in our treatment nor favor one child over another. He emphasized the importance of raising our children well aware of their duty in serving God.
13. Be Inclusive with women, children and Poor: The Prophet (PBUH) would listen to women, children, men, slaves, rich, and poor, as well as outcasts. He listened to, welcomed, and comforted them. He had always retained very strong ties with the members of different clans and with this kin who had not accepted Islam.
14. Control our anger: He once said: “A strong man is not a man who overcomes his enemy!” The Companions thought this over among themselves, then asked him: “Then who is a strong man?” The Prophet surprised with a deeper meaning with his answer: “A strong man is a man who controls himself when he is angry!” Let us calm down, it is not the end of the world.  Everyone makes a mistake, if we forgive the person God will forgive us. It may bring a new opportunity.
15. Doing good deed for others: Do some same act of good for others: It may be liked or not liked, give good result or not. If we do a good deed for the other person, we will be rewarded 10 times here and also get benefit in life hereafter. Think of the old woman who used to put thorns at the walking path of prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
16. Kindness and Generosity: When we give our time and our wealth to help others. When we show kindness to someone, we bring best side of ourselves and feel satisfaction. Also other person’s day become easy, his day becomes brighter instead of a gloomy one.
17. Be with truthful persons: Our Creator God commands us to be with truthful persons. A man is known by the company he/she keeps. Prophet Muhammad stated be friend with a person, if you listen to him your knowledge increase, if see him it reminds you about life hereafter and spend some time with him your consciences about God increases.
18. What to adopt or what to avoid: Prophet (PBUH) stated: What is permissible clear, adopt it. What is not permissible also clear, avoid it. What is in between also avoid to increase your God Consciences
19. Keep busy with our own Improvement: We should work for self-improvement. If we look at our own limitations, not look at faults of others, we will be happy. So Prophet advised us to shield others’ fault.
20. Accept a person as is: Please let us not hate one another or be jealous of one another as prophet (PBUH) emphasized. God created each person different as our five fingers are different. We are not here to change people, let them fulfil their own life goal and we change ourselves.
21. Let us love for our brother what we love for ourselves: We love to be respected, let us respect others. If we like someone to love us, let us love them.
** read from many articles on line to galvanize our article as social prophet
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