Shifting of Earth’s , Moon’s orbit away & Universal law of Separation,
Mir Akter Hossain
Drifting of Earth’s orbit & Moon’s orbit backward from center of rotation has been discovered by modern astronomical Scientists .
Drifting of Earth’s orbit outward
There are two reasons for shifting of Earth’s orbit backward. First reason is the continuous transformation of mass to energy in Sun. The second reason is transfer of angular momentum from Sun to Earth due to enormous gravitation pull of Sun on Earth .
Sun is a sphere of Hydrogen & Helium gas where Hydrogen atom is continuously transformed to Helium atom due to nuclear fusion. In this process of transformation a portion of mass of Hydrogen atom in Sun is converted to heat, light & many other form of energy having different frequencies which are very essential for living creatures of Earth . Equation of mass to energy conversion is described by following way.
E = MC² , where” E” stands for energy, “M” stands for mass of particle & “C” stands for velocity of light. Due to this transformation of mass to energy , mass of Sun is reduced at very slow rate, which causes lower gravitation pull on all the planets including Earth. The result of this situation of continuous reduction of gravitation pull , originated from Sun, causes the drifting of Earth’s orbit outward or backward.
Shifting of Moon’s orbit outward
In case of Earth Moon system the gravitation pull due to Moon on Earth create tide in Ocean wave which accumulate huge quantity of water & this enormous mass of water contribute to more stronger gravitation pull on this portion of Earth, which faces Moon than the opposite part of Earth. This situation opposes the spin of Earth on its axis. Also as the spinning rate of Earth is higher than the rate of rotation Moon in its orbit, which results earth’s surface is in more advance than that of Moon. As a result of this gravitation force of Moon the massive portion of Earth composed of Ocean water is pulled backward , that decreases the spinning rate of Earth & finally it results reduction of angular momentum of Earth. The loss of angular momentum of Earth is compensated by gain of angular momentum of Moon according to law of conservation of angular momentum. The increase of angular momentum of Moon shift the Moon towards outer orbit means at a greater distance from Earth than before accompanied by a reduction of angular velocity. The following equations proof the above description of increase of angular momentum of Moon at outer orbit.
L = Angular momentum of Moon, I = Moment of Inertia of Moon
r = Distance of Moon from Earth
m = Mass of Moon
ω = 2Π/T = Angular velocity Moon
T = Time period for one complete revolution of Moon in its orbit
L = Iω = mr²ω = mr²(2Π/T)
The resultant effect is the increase of angular momentum of Moon as distance increases at square rate but angular velocity decreases at outer orbit as time period T increases at normal rate but not at square rate. So Moon’s orbit is shifting backward accompanied by a reduction of angular velocity in outward orbit.
The above phenomena of shifting Earth’s orbit & Moon’s orbit has been indicated in following verses of Holy Quran. There a limit has been mentioned for shifting of orbits of above two celestial spherical bodies but not in the language of science.
Sura Easin 36/40 The Sun can not take control of Moon, night can not outstrip the day.
The first part of verse indicates that “Sun can not take control of Moon”. Due to shifting of Moon’s orbit, the gravitation pull of Earth on Moon will be reduced continuously & Sun’s gravitation force on Moon will increase slowly. If this process is allowed without any limit at a very long distance from Earth a situation will arise where Sun’s gravitation force on Moon will be more stronger than Earth’s gravitation pull on Moon. This may result the rotation of Moon in an orbit which surrounds Sun at centre instead of moving in a orbit having centre at Earth.
The second parts of verse Mentioned that “Night can not outstrip the day”. This means a situation for an observer facing night after night bypassing day or more clearly facing a situation of continuous night by an observer. According to above analysis the orbit of Earth is shifting outward due to continuous reduction of gravitation pull of Sun which originate from very slow decrease of its mass. If this process of Earth’s orbit shifting is allowed without any limit, then in the long run an observer on Earth will notice continuous reduction of Sun light & at last at very long distance the Sun will look like a night star or more clearly the observer will face continuous night or permanent darkness, although earth spin on its axis.
So change of orbits of celestial body like Earth, Moon etc beyond the limit which influences life of living creatures is prevented or the track through which celestial body moves is preserved by GOD ALMIGHTY & this has been mentioned in following verse of Last Holy Book.
Sura Fatir 35/41 ALLAH who sustains the track (Eumsiku-Arabic) of Heavenly bodies (Samawati-Arabic) & Earth, If it fails none is there to sustain it.
Change of orbit of Earth, Moon beyond the limit may lead to climatic change like extreme temperature, air pressure variation, formation of huge snow which may result drop down of ocean water level or frozen of all Ocean water, absence of rain which may cause food shortage or more clearly uncountable number of harmful effect for living creatures & finally which may eliminate complete life from Earth.
All the continents are drifting away across the Ocean floor with respect to each other. Orbit of Moon, Earth are shifting away which has been already mentioned above. All the Galaxies are shifting backward for any observer at any point of the Universe due to Expansion of the Universe (Sura 51/47 We built the Universe with our Might ,that is giving it vast Expanse, Sura 81/15 “We swear by receding celestial body” (Kuunnasi-Arabic),Sura 81/16 “That run away & disappear “& this is equivalent to all the Galaxies are drifting away from Earth or Milky way Galaxy which has been discovered by Modern Scientists .. So there is a Universal law of separation in nature which has been noticed in Human life also. For example a child stay in mother’s womb for 42 weeks approximately.. After delivery of Child, he/she stay in same bed with mother but outside mother’s womb. Then the child is placed in separate bed but in same room with respect to mother. Then in separate room , but same house with respect to mother. Then stay in same city but different house. Then may be in different city but same country. Then may be in different country , but same World. At last in different World means present World & After World or living World & World after death. There is Universal separation in Space & Time for all the creatures. .Most probably the Whole creation follows this journey.
Related to above analysis (Uniform Law in Nature) some verses from Last Holy Book are presented here.
Sura Rum 30/30 Devote yourself deeply in the religion. And follow the nature as made by GOD, that nature in which He has created the mankind. There is no Altering in the creation of GOD. That is right religion. But most of the people do not realize it.
Sura Fatir 35/43 You will never find any change in the way of GOD. Nor will you ever find GOD’s Degree averted, Sura 48/23 Such was the law in the past,You shall find no change in the law of GOD. Sura 17/77 Such was our way with the messengers, We sent before you. And you will find no change in our ways.