The Fundamental:knowledge of Allah- Part 2, Dr.M.Shahid Siddiqi Retired tax consultant.
The second fundamental:Knowledge of Islam through evidences:
This knowledge consists in the submission to Allah as one Allah (God), yielding to Him by obeying His commandments:
This knowledge is of three ranks:
- Islam. (Submission)
- Iman. ( Faith)
- Ihsan. (Perfection & sincerity)
Each of the above ranks has its pillars
The first Rank:Islam: it has five pillars
- Testifying that there is no God Allah, and that
Mohammad is His Messenger.
- Performing prayers regularly.
- Paying the (ZAKAH) or regular charity.
D.Fasting during the month of Ramadan.
E.Pilgrimage to the sacred sanctuary of Allah.
Evidence for the unity of Allah from the Al-Quran:
(Allah testified that there is no god but He, and
The angles and those but He, the Almighty, the wise). 3:18.
This means that it is only Allah that is worthy of
Evidence from the Al-Quran that Muhammad is
The Messenger of Allah:
( Indeed there has come unto you a messenger from amongst yourselves; it grieves him that you
Suffer adversity and he is heedful of your welfare
and to the believers he is compassionate and merciful.) 9:128
To testify that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah signifies that one should obey his ordinances and believe him in what he tells, avoid that he prohibits and worship Allah according to His precepts.
Evidence for prayers and ZAKAH and meaning of
Unity of Allah from Al-Quran:
(And they have only been commanded to worship Allah as dedicated and devout monotheists and to perform regular prayers and to pay the ZAKAH. That is indeed the true and sound religion.) 98:5
Evidence for fasting from Al-Quran:
O! You, who believe, fasting has been ordained on you, as it had been ordained on those before you, so that you may have piety.)2:183
Evidence for pilgrimage from Al-Quran:
(Allah has ordained on all people the pilgrimage to His house for those who are capable of performing it. And if some turn away in disbelief,
Then Allah is in no need of His creatures.) 3:97
The Second Rank:IMAN (faith)
IMAN comprises more than seventy branches, the highest of which is to testify that there is no god except Allah and the lowest is to remove any
Obstacle from any path. Modesty is one of the branches of IMAN.
The pillars of IMAN are six:
- Belief in Allah
2.Belief in His Angels
3.Belief in His Books
4.Belief in His Messengers
- Belief in the last day
6.Belief in Destiny; good and bad
Evidence from Al-Quran for the six pillars of IMAN:
Righteousness is not to turn your face to east or
the west but righteousness is to believe in Allah
and the last day and the Angels and the book
and prophets, and out of the substance you cherish to give to your kins and orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and beggars and to the
freeing of slaves, and to observe regular prayers
and give ZAKAH and to keep your word once it is given, and to be patient and resolute in the face of adversity and peril, and war… verily these are the righteous and God Fearing)2-17
Evidence of destiny from Al-Quran:
(Indeed, anything we have created is according to proportion and measure.)54.49
The Third Rank:IHASAN( perfection of worship):
IHSAN has only one pillar and that is that you must worship Allah as if really you see Him:
for though you do not see Him, He sees you.
Evidence from Al-Quran:
(Indeed Allah is with those who fear Him and
those who are charitable.)16:128
(Put your trust in the Almighty, the Merciful: for
it is He who watches you stand up in prayers and when you are among those who adore Him:for He is Omniscient and hears everything.)26:217, 217, 218, 219, 220.
( whether you are dealing with a business of your
own or reciting the Quran or performing any deed: we would always witness what you are doing.) 10:61
Evidence from the Hadith is the well-known Hadith of Jibril(p.b.u.h):
According to Umer ebn al-khattab “the blessing of Allah be on him.”
Once while we were sitting with the prophet ( the grace of Allah and peace be with him), when there came upon us a man with snow- white clothes and jet-black hair, with no traces of any travelling on him, yet he was a complete stranger
to all of us, then he sat before the prophet with his own knees parallel to his knees and his hands on the thighs of the prophet, then he said,
“O Muhammad, tell me about Islam.” and the prophet said it is to testify that there is no god but Allah and perform regular prayers and pay the ZAKAH and fast the month of Ramadan and
perform the pilgrimage to the Sanctuary of Allah
if you can afford it.” Then the stranger said , “you
have spoken the truth.” We wondered why he asked him and told him that what he had said was true. Then again he asked “tell me about IMAN.” The prophet answered , “its us to believe in Allah and His Angels and His books and His Messengers and the last day and in Destiny, good and bad, “
Then he asked. tell me about IHSAN” and the prophet replied. it is to worship Allah as if you are seeing Him for though you do not see Him,
yet he sees you.”
Again he asked, “Tell me about dooms day “.
and the prophet answered that he knew no more about it than his questioner. But when he ask him about it’s signs, the prophet answered
“It is when a Slavs give birth to her own mistress and when you see the bare-footed and tattered
needy shepherds vying with each other in erecting high buildings.”
When the stranger departed the prophet was silent for a while and then said , O Umar, do you recognize the questioner? We all replied Allah
and His Messengers know better.”
“It is Jabril: he has come to teach you your religion.
Dr.M.Shahid SiddiqiRetired tax consultant.
Author of several bulletins & Tax letters on Canadian & US taxes.
Author of several books on Canadian & US taxes.
Author of several books, on finance, budgeting &
Marketing.Ex-President Institute of Professional compilers
Of Canada. Advisory board member A.U.University
Recipient of service to Humanity award from
Ontario Government & India.